Trauma Theory and Its Implications in Humanities and Social Sciences

 

trauma theory literature

Dec 19,  · Source: A Companion to Literary Theory Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture Edited by David H. Richter Notes 1 Additionally, in Moses and Monotheism () Freud develops a concept of historical trauma by adapting his theories on latency and repetition of traumatic memory for the individual patient and applies it to the Jewish culture in order to explain their cultural. ‘Trauma: Theory’: trauma both as the irrecoverable origin of theory and as suspending its entrance into theory. Undoing this suspension at the expense of reading and in the service of an ethical charge prevents the passage from occurring, and fore- closes the repetition of trauma theory’s necessary failure (its triumphant falling). Jun 21,  · Home › Literary Criticism › Sigmund Freud and the Trauma Theory. Sigmund Freud and the Trauma Theory By Nasrullah Mambrol on June 21, • (2). Although Sigmund Freud himself inaugurated this field of study, he subsequently abandoned it. Early in his career, he assumed that a history of sexual seduction in childhood was responsible for the neurotic symptoms he observed in his .


Sigmund Freud and the Trauma Theory | Literary Theory and Criticism


Although Sigmund Freud himself inaugurated this field of study, he subsequently abandoned it, trauma theory literature.

Early in his career, he assumed that a history of sexual seduction in childhood was responsible for the neurotic symptoms he observed in his patients. As a result, he focused on the role of unconscious fantasies in neurotic conflicts and inhibitions. Trauma theory emerged in the s from several areas of social concern: recognition of the prevalence of violence against women and children rape, battering, incest ; identification of the phenomenon of post-traumatic stress disorder in Vietnam war veterans; and awareness of the psychic scars inflicted by torture and genocide, especially in regard to the Holocaust.

Although Freud never denied the reality of incest in the stories he heard from his early women patients, he chose to direct his attention to the drama of internal conflict instead. Similarly, the psychic shocks and disillusionments incurred by the Great War caused Freud to speculate about the kinds of pathology flashbacks, recurring nightmares and compulsive repetitive behaviour inflicted by war experience.

So-called talk therapy of the sort that Freud advocated in his psychoanalytic methodology does not fully access these split-off often dissociated areas of neuro-subjective awareness. The point here is not so much that Freud was wrong as that he failed to comprehend trauma theory literature myriad ways in which individual subjects are shaped by their experience of being born to and raised by specific parents or caregivers, subject to unique conditions of class, racial, national and cultural influences at a particular historical moment.

Together, intersubjective theory and trauma trauma theory literature have begun to address these imbalances. Freud is central to an understanding of the meanings and trajectories of the twentieth century, trauma theory literature. There is no single Freud, whose work can be understood in monolithic terms. Reading Freud along a certain axis it is possible to authorise a number of psychoanalytic lines of thinking that he would not have consciously agreed to, much less anticipated.

Yet, if one takes the assumptions of these lines of thinking seriously, they lead to an account of origins that displaces the concept of a threatened loss castration with one that has always already occurred. In this sense, there is no distinction between the sexes — at least in regard to having or not having the actual penis or fantasmatic phallus symbol of power. Both Lacan and Derrida were right.

Patriarchy according to Lacan is an arbitrary social construct — albeit one that persists in representing itself as necessary. Even more radically, Derrida proposed that insofar as patriarchy depends on the phallus as signifier, it founds itself on quicksand, trauma theory literature. Lacanin addition, imagined the primitive ego as undefined, trauma theory literature, if not splintered or dissolved into random energies. Derrida was invested in what happens if the ego refuses, evades, or simply acknowledges, its state of incoherence.

In this respect his style s of writing also resemble the innovative writing practices of French feminists. In each of these accounts, the ego is a fragile, trauma theory literature, amost illusory, construct.

The Freud of popular imagination based in part on his unsmiling, cigarwielding photographic representation is a rather forbidding figure, a father to be reckoned with. Read from this angle, his texts affirm Oedipus as the guarantor of patriarchal culture and authority. Increasingly in biographies trauma theory literature reminiscences of Freud and his followers, this particular child may be glimpsed. But he also appears symptomatically perhaps? In this view, the ego trauma theory literature a product of childhood mourning — of the mother, her breast s or the fantasy of originary symbiosis or plenitude — so archaic as to elude memory and, to some degree, theoretical formulation.

The point is that Freud imagined such a primary loss in imagery that he later attributed to the oedipal drama of castration. The ego, for Freudis an elegiac, or memorial construct — not so much a thing in itself trauma theory literature a tribute to absence. Both sexes are subject to this melancholy condition, hence equally vulnerable or wounded.

No longer the romanticised psychic structure that Freud conceived — based on the visible, genital emblem of male superiority — patriarchy reveals itself for what it is: an arbitrary assumption of power, founded in a set of widely shared belief systems, historical conditions and material, social practices, trauma theory literature, which combine to instil and compel individual and sometimes mass assent.

Cambridge University Press This is an example of a sitewide notice - you can change or remove this text in the Customizer under "Store Notice" Dismiss.

Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.

 

Literary Trauma Theory Reconsidered | SpringerLink

 

trauma theory literature

 

Dec 19,  · Source: A Companion to Literary Theory Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture Edited by David H. Richter Notes 1 Additionally, in Moses and Monotheism () Freud develops a concept of historical trauma by adapting his theories on latency and repetition of traumatic memory for the individual patient and applies it to the Jewish culture in order to explain their cultural. A central claim of contemporary literary trauma theory asserts that trauma creates a speechless fright that divides or destroys identity. This serves as the basis for a larger argument that suggests identity is formed by the intergenerational transmission of trauma. However, a discursive dependence. ‘Trauma: Theory’: trauma both as the irrecoverable origin of theory and as suspending its entrance into theory. Undoing this suspension at the expense of reading and in the service of an ethical charge prevents the passage from occurring, and fore- closes the repetition of trauma theory’s necessary failure (its triumphant falling).